• Antagonist - the hero's rival.
  • Aside – when a character makes a speech to share their thoughts with the audience. The other characters can't hear it.
  • Blank Verse – verse consisting of unrhymed lines, usually of iambic pentameter.
  • Context – the time and place that something happens.
  • Dramatic Irony – something said in a speech or something present in a situation that is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
  • Protagonist - the main character or hero.
  • Soliloquy – the thoughts of a character spoken aloud by them.
  • Symbol – a thing that can represent something else, e.g. a crown could represent a king.
  • Thane – a Lord (or ruler) of an area. The King gave the title Thane and the land as a reward for his loyal subject's service, usually on the battlefield. The king granted the thane a large area of land, the people on it and a castle; and in return, the thane would provide a portion of the land's produce, money from taxes and men for battle when needed.
  • Tragedy – a story in which the hero dies at the end.
  • Tragic Flaw – the character weakness that causes the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy.
  • Tragic Hero – a character who appears to be a victim of fate.